Most web pages you come across with are presented through HTML, the markup language of the internet. Here are some of the best practices which results into a correct, clean markup.
• Make it a point to declare a Doctype – Declaration of doctype must be the first thing in the HTML documents. This will inform the browser of the XHTML standards you will use and allows it to read and render properly your markup.
• Make use of Meaningful Title Tags – This can help make web pages more search-engine friendly and meaningful. For instance, the text within the title tag appears in the SERPs of Google and on the web browser bar and tabs of the user.
• Utilize Expressive Meta Tags – Your web page can be more meaningful to search engine spiders and other user agents if you use would meta tags.
• Make use of Divs in Dividing your Layout into Key Sections – When constructing your website design, you should divide your web pages into major sections. This can help promote well-indented and clean code. Aside from that, it also helps you avoid confusions.
• Make sure to separate content from presentation – While your HTML is the content, CSS is providing the visual presentation of your content so you should not confuse yourself with the two. Avoid using inline styles in the HTML instead create separate CSS file for the styles to help you when you need to make some changes in the design quicker and can make your content easily digestible also for user agents.
• Make your CSS minified and unified – Typically, a simple website has one main CSS file and a few more for other things such as browser specific fixes and CSS reset. But every CSS file should make HTTP request that can slow down loading times of the website. The best solution to this problem would be minifying all the codes and unify files to be combined as one file to improve website load times.
• Make Use of Heading Elements Wisely – This can help in making your content more meaningful from search engines and other user agents.
• Make Use of the proper HTML element at the right place – Learn the available HTML elements and make sure to use them in a correct manner.
• Avoid using Divs for everything – Some developers end up wrapping div tags on different div tags containing more div tags. This only leads to creating a mountain of divs.
There are a lot of other HTML practices that website owners should know in order for them to enhance not just the look but the function of their website. Most of these are pretty much self-explanatory and it will not take experts to make use of these practices. You will see in the long run the benefits that come with these practices.